Chapter 23 English (英语)

23.1 单词记忆

23.1.1

  • ced, gress, ambul, vad, vag, grad, it, err, fare

23.1.1.1 ced

  1. precede=pre+ced+e
  2. preceding=pre+ced+ing
  3. precedent=pre+ced+ent
  4. precedented=pre+ced+ent+ed
  5. unprecedented=un+pre+ced+ent+ed
  6. antecede=ante+ced+e
  7. antecedent=ante+ced+ent
  8. antecessor=ante+cess+or
  9. recede=re+ced+e
  10. retrocede=retro+ced+e
  11. recession=re+cess+ion
  12. retrocession=retro+cess+ion
  13. intercede=inter+ced+e
  14. intercession=inter+cess+ion
  15. intercessor=inter+cess+or
  16. exceed=ex+ceed
  17. excess=ex+cess
  18. excessive=ex+cess+ive
  19. proceed=pro+ceed
  20. procedure=pro+ced+ure
  21. process=pro+cess
  22. procession=pro+cess+ion
  23. succession=suc+cess+ion
  24. successive=suc+cess+ive
  25. successor=suc+cess+or

23.1.1.2 gress

  1. progress=pro+gress
  2. progressive=pro+gress+ive
  3. progressist=pro+gress+ist
  4. regress=re+gress
  5. retrogress=retro+gress
  6. retrogression=retro+gress+ion
  7. retrogressive=retro+gress+ive
  8. ingress=in+gress
  9. ingression=in+gress+ion
  10. egress=e+gress
  11. egression=e+gress+ion
  12. transgress=trans+gress
  13. transgressor=trans+gress+or
  14. digress=di+gress
  15. congress=con+gress
  16. congressional=con+gress+ion+al
  17. congressman=con+gress+man
  18. aggress=ag+gress
  19. aggression=ag+gress+ion
  20. aggressive=ag+gress+ive
  21. aggressor=ag+gress+or

23.1.1.3 ambul

  1. ambulate
  2. ambulation
  3. ambulance
  4. ambulator
  5. ambulant
  6. perambulate
  7. perambulation
  8. perambulator
  9. preambulate
  10. circumambulate
  11. circumambulation
  12. somnambulate
  13. somnambulation
  14. somnambulist
  15. somnambulistic
  16. noctambulation
  17. noctambulist

23.1.1.4 vad, vag

  1. invade=in+vad+e
  2. invasion=in+vas+ion(vas=vad)
  3. invasive=in+vas+ive
  4. invader=in+vad+er
  5. evade=e+vad+e
  6. evasion=e+vas+ion
  7. evasive=e+vas+ive
  8. pervade=per+vad+e
  9. pervasion=per+vas+ion
  10. pervasive=per+vas+ive
  11. extravagant=extra+vag+ant
  12. extravagance=extra+vag+ance
  13. divagate=di+vag+ate(di=dis)
  14. divagation=di+vag+ation

23.1.1.5 grad, it

  1. upgrade=up+grad+e
  2. downgrade=down+grad+e
  3. degrade=de+grad+e
  4. degradation=de+grad+ation
  5. retrograde=retro+grad+e
  6. retrogradation=retro+grad+ation
  7. graduate=grad+u+ate
  8. graduation=grad+u+ation
  9. undergraduate=under+grad+u+ate
  10. postgraduate=post+grad+u+ate
  11. exit=ex+it
  12. initiate=in+it+i+ate
  13. initiation=in+it+i+ation
  14. initiative=in+it+i+ative
  15. initial=in+it+ial
  16. sedition=sed+it+ion
  17. seditionary=sed+it+ion+ary
  18. transit=trans+it
  19. transition=trans+it+ion
  20. transitory=trans+it+ory

23.1.1.6 err, fare

  1. error=err+or
  2. erring=err+ing
  3. aberrant=ab+err+ant
  4. aberrance=ab+err+ance
  5. aberration=ab+err+ation
  6. inerrable=in+err+able
  7. inerrancy=in+err+ancy
  8. errant=err+ant
  9. errantry=err+ant+ry
  10. erratic=err+atic
  11. fare=fare
  12. welfare=wel(well)+fare
  13. farewell=fare+well

23.1.2 词根:graph gram

  1. photograph=photo+graph照片
  2. photography=photo+graph+y摄影术
  3. geography=geo+graph+y地理学

    ps:geology=geo+logy地质学

  4. anthropogeography=anthropo+geo+graph+y(人类地理学)
  5. barograph=baro+graph(气压测量仪)
  6. seismograph=seismo+graph(地震仪)
  7. chronograph=chron+o+graph(计时器)
  8. cyclograph=cycl+o+graph(圆规)
  9. telegraph=tele+graph(电报)
  10. biography=bio+graph+y(传记)
  11. autobiography=auto+bio+graph+y(自传)
  12. autograph=auto+graph(手稿)
  13. telegram=tele+gram(电报)
  14. seismogram=seismo+gram(地震仪)
  15. gramophone=gram+o+phon+e(留声机)
  16. phonogram=phon+o+gram(唱片)
  17. electrocardiogram=electro+cardio+gram(心电图)

23.1.3 词根:做-fic feas

  1. officialese=of+fic+ial+ese(公文体)
  2. officialism=of+fic+ial+ism(官僚作风)
  3. officialdom=of+fic+ial+dom(官场)
  4. beneficent=bene+fic+ent(行善的)
  5. malfeasant=mal+feas+ant(胡作非为的)
  6. malfeasance=mal+feas+ance(胡作非为)

23.1.4 词根:说-log

  1. eulogy=eu+log+y(赞扬)
  2. eulogize=eu+log+ize(赞扬)
  3. dyslogy=dys+log+y(责骂)
  4. pseudology=pseudo+log+y)(假话)
  5. antilogy=anti+log+y(自相矛盾)[æn’tɪlədʒi]
  6. epilogue=epi+log+ue(结束语)
  7. prologue=pro+log+ue(序言)
  8. monologue=mono+log+ue(独白)
  9. philology=philo+log+y(语言学)
  10. philologist=philo+log+ist(语言学家)

23.2 读新闻

23.2.1 2017-3-6

The Conference Board’s consumer-confidence index, which measures both American consumers’ assessment of current conditions and their expectations, rose to its highest level since 2001. Updated figures from the Commerce Department confirmed earlier estimates that the economy grew by 1.6% year-on-year in 2016, the slowest rate for five years—though growth picked up to 1.9% in the final quarter.

  • Conference Board: 世界大型企业联合会
  • Consumer-confidence index:消费者信心指数

23.2.2 2017-3-9

Djibouti followed Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Bahrain in severing diplomatic ties with Iran. Qatar recalled its ambassador from Tehran, following similar moves by the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait. Jordan and Turkey expressed support for the Saudi stance. Oman deplored the attacks on Saudi diplomatic missions in Iran. Iraq offered to mediate.

  • Djibouti: 吉布提
  • Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Bahrain, Iran, Qatar [ˈkʌtə], Tehran, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq
  • Severing: 中断
  • Diplomatic ties:外交关系
  • Stance:立场
  • Oman:阿曼
  • Deplore: 强烈谴责
  • Diplomatic missions: 外交使团

Pfizer, the drug company behind Viagra, and Allergan, which makes Botox, agreed on Monday to combine in a $160 billion deal, the biggest yet in the pharmaceuticals industry. Although both companies conduct most of their business in America, the complex merger will enable Pfizer to move its tax base to Ireland—where Allergan has its headquarters—and cut its American tax bill.

  • Pfizer, Allergan
  • viagra: 伟哥
  • botox:肉毒素

23.2.3 2017-3-10

Rolls-Royce’s share price fell 20% yesterday after the British engineering company issued the latest of several recent profit warnings. Warren East, who became chief executive in July, blamed weaker demand for servicing wide-bodied aircraft, for corporate and regional jets, and in the offshore marine market.

  • Rolls-Royce
  • profit warning:利润预警
  • wide-bodied aircraft:宽体飞机
  • corporate and regional jet: 商用支线客机
  • marine: 海洋的

23.2.4 2017-3-27

A Chinese province admitted to cooking the books. The governor of Liaoning, in the north-east of the country, said that dodgy data had painted an overly rosy picture of the industrial region’s economic performance from 2011 to 2014. The confession will fuel long-standing doubts about the accuracy of China’s economic statistics.

  • Cook the books: 做假账
  • Dodgy:可疑的
  • Overly:过于
  • Rosy:乐观的
  • Confession:供认
  • Fuel:使……加剧
  • Long-standing:存在已久的